This chapter prescribes special instructions that federal departments and agencies must follow to report deposit and disbursement information for cash forecasting purposes.
This chapter describes the procedures that the federal departments and agencies must follow in providing information to the Department of the Treasury (Treasury), Bureau of the Fiscal Service (Fiscal Service) for maintaining and updating projections of the Treasury’s operating cash balance, that is, the federal government’s cashflow.
31 U.S.C. 3511, 3513
These cash forecasting requirements instruct agencies to report to Treasury, in advance, transactions that will significantly affect Treasury’s General Account (TGA) and Treasury’s Tax and Loan (TT&L) accounts.
Two of Treasury’s primary responsibilities are forecasting and monitoring the federal government’s overall cash requirements. Treasury maintains a forecast of agencies’ daily cash requirements for up to 12 months in advance. Treasury uses these forecasts to determine the amount and timing of federal government borrowing and investments of excess cash balances.
Treasury prepares and continually updates cashflow projections based on information provided quarterly by agency budget offices in accordance with the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular No. A-11, Part IV, Section 135, “Procedures for Monitoring Federal Outlays.” These submissions provide estimates of total monthly spending for various programs, including individual accounts. They also include information regarding large ($50 million or more) transactions. However, the amount and timing of large transactions may change significantly after the OMB Circular No. A-11 forecast has been provided. In addition, during OMB Circular No. A-11 submissions, emergency spending may be authorized and appropriated, or new types of collections might occur.
Government agency reporting of cash forecasting information is critical for the maintenance of accurate, up-to-date cashflow projections, and for the daily management of Treasury’s operating cash balances. Failure to notify Treasury of significant disbursement activity can cause the TGA to lack sufficient funds to cover agency payments.
These cash forecasting requirements apply to all Treasury and non-Treasury disbursing offices since all deposits and disbursements flow through the TGA. They also apply to all federal appropriation, receipt, and fund accounts, both budgetary and off-budget, including deposit fund, trust fund, general fund, special fund, revolving fund, foreign currency, credit financing, clearing, and suspense accounts.
Reporting of U.S. Military pay transactions and Defense Department (Defense) payments to vendors is essential to the effective and efficient management of Treasury’s operating cash balances. Procedures in this chapter standardize the information provided by the Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS) centers and other Defense installations.
Note: Advance information regarding payment or deposit transactions provided to Treasury by agency sources is administratively restricted and is not for public release before the transaction settlement date. Its use is restricted to a limited number of individuals involved in budget, cash, and debt management.
Account—The basis for reporting the federal government’s financial transactions. Accounts are classified as either receipt or expenditure and are assigned to a fund group based on characteristics and the nature of the transactions they support. The types of account fund groups are:
Account Symbol (also known as the Treasury Account Symbol)—A numeric symbol assigned by Treasury in coordination with OMB to classify transactions within fund groups. The main account symbol usually consists of a minimum of six digits, with the first two digits identifying the department or responsible agency. The next two digits or characters represent the period of availability for obligation. The last four digits identify the specific account by fund group. For additional information on account symbols and titles, the Bureau of the Fiscal Service (Fiscal Service) issues a Treasury Financial Manual supplement titled, “Federal Account Symbols and Titles (FAST) Book.”
Agency Location Code (ALC)—A numeric symbol used to identify accounting reports and documents prepared by or for agency accounting stations and Treasury Regional Financial Centers (RFCs). Agency accounting stations use an eight-digit symbol (XXXXXXXX), disbursing offices use a four-digit symbol (0000XXXX), and Treasury RFCs use a three-digit symbol (00000XXX).
Appropriation—An Act of Congress that provides an agency with budget authority. An appropriation allows the agency to incur obligations and to make payments out of Treasury for specific purposes. There are two types of appropriations. Definite appropriations are for a specific sum of money, and indefinite appropriations are for “such sums as may be necessary.”
Automated Clearing House (ACH)—An electronic funds delivery mechanism.
Business Day—Any day the Federal Reserve System and banks are open. On some occasions, the federal government may be closed.
Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT)—Any deposit or payment accomplished electronically, including wire transfers via Automated Standard Application for Payments (ASAP), FedWire, etc. (Fedline is an EFT delivery mechanism into Fedwire.)
Large Dollar Notification (LDN)—Required notification for deposits and disbursements totaling $50 million or more for a single transaction or multiple transactions of a common nature by ALC.
Settlement Date—The date a transaction clears Treasury’s operating cash account, that is, the date the operating cash balance is either increased by a deposit or decreased by a payment.
Treasury’s General Account (TGA)—The U.S. Government’s “checking” account at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York (FRB NY) from which agency payments are disbursed and taxes and proceeds from the sale of securities are collected.
Treasury’s Operating Cash Balance—The combined total of U.S. Government funds held in the Federal Reserve Cash account (TGA) and Treasury’s TT&L account.
Treasury’s Tax and Loan (TT&L) Account—The U.S. Government’s interest-bearing “savings” account. Treasury invests its excess cash in financial institutions around the country. This program was suspended in 2008.
Agency financial officers must report to Fiscal Service, in advance, all deposits totaling $50 million or more in a single transaction or in multiple transactions of a common nature by ALC.
Agency financial officers, Treasury RFCs, non-Treasury disbursing offices, and agencies with delegation of disbursing authority must report to Fiscal Service, in advance, all disbursements totaling $50 million or more. These disbursements may include a single transaction, multiple transactions of a common nature, and repetitive transactions.
LDN reporting requirements for deposits and disbursements include U.S. Military active duty and Military retiree payments, Defense payments to vendors, and other recurring monthly, quarterly, or one-time transactions. Appendix 1 lists examples of agency deposits and disbursements for which an advance notification is required.
For deposits and disbursements between $50 million and $500 million, Fiscal Service requires that agencies report LDNs a minimum of two business days in advance of the settlement date. For deposits and disbursements of $500 million or more, Fiscal Service requires that agencies report LDNs a minimum of five business days in advance of the settlement date. Intra-agency transfers to be processed via the Intra-governmental Payments and Collections (IPAC) system are not subject to LDN requirements.
If specific deposit or disbursement information is not final, agencies must inform Fiscal Service daily as soon as possible, but no later than 8:30 a.m. Eastern Time on the transaction settlement date, of the approximate amount and approximate deposit or disbursement date. Presently, some financial officers may not be informed in advance of upcoming disbursements. If this is the case, the agency must establish a formal system of notification to ensure that the necessary forecasting information is provided to Treasury.
Fiscal Service encourages agency financial officers to submit LDNs to Fiscal Service via the CASH TRACK website (see Contacts). To report LDNs via the CASH TRACK website, Fiscal Service requires the following information:
Agencies also can submit LDNs to Fiscal Service via email, fax, or telephone (see Contacts) using FS Form 187: Agency Report for Treasury Cash Reporting Advance Notice of Large Deposits or Disbursements of $50 Million or More (see Appendix 2). When completing the form, agencies must provide the following information:
In addition to these general reporting requirements, the following sections describe the specific reporting requirements for daily disbursements, Defense vendor payments, U.S. Military pay, and other reporting for cash forecasting.
A number of agencies consolidate individual transactions and process multiple payments on a daily basis. While an individual item in a payment file may not be significant, the daily total for the agency’s spending may have a substantial impact on Treasury’s operating cash balance.
All agencies processing daily ACH and Fedline payments via Treasury disbursing offices or FRB services must report daily disbursement totals of $50 million or more to Fiscal Service via the CASH TRACK website or using FS Form 187.
Refer to Contacts for the email address, fax number, and telephone number.
All DFAS centers and other Defense installations making EFT payments to vendors must report daily payment totals to Fiscal Service via the CASH TRACK website or using FS Form 187.
Refer to Contacts for the email address, fax number, and telephone number. When there are circumstances unique to a DFAS center, Treasury works with the center to design a reporting form that addresses those circumstances.
All DFAS centers and other Defense installations making EFT payments for Military active duty and Military retirees must report payment totals of $50 million or more to Fiscal Service via the CASH TRACK website or using FS Form 187. Fiscal Service requires a minimum of two business days advance notice for these payments.
U.S. Military active pay includes the following pay classifications: active duty pay, reserve pay, cadet pay, active salary allotments, active blanket pay, and voluntary separation incentives. These payments usually occur on the 1st and the 15th calendar days of each month. When the 1st or the 15th day falls on a weekend or on a holiday, the payment is processed as of the prior workday. The sample form in Appendix 2 includes all required information fields. Refer to Contacts for the email address, fax number, and telephone number.
U.S. Military retiree pay includes the following pay classifications: retired pay, retired allotments, retired annuities, and retired blanket pay. These payments usually occur on the 1st calendar day of the month. When the 1st day falls on a weekend or a holiday, the payment is processed as of the next workday. The form in Appendix 2 includes all required information fields. Refer to Contacts for the email address, fax number, and telephone number.
Treasury may request that certain agencies report routine daily, weekly, or monthly estimated deposit and disbursement activity. Treasury may require that an agency provide a rolling forecast covering, for example, daily estimates for three business days or estimated weekly totals of deposits and disbursements for a six week period.
The need for such reporting generally is determined by the magnitude of dollar amounts and the volatility of timing for such activity. In such cases, Treasury works with both agency budget and financial office personnel to set up reporting schedules and forms that achieve Treasury’s information requirements within the framework of the agency’s information systems and staffing.
To report cash forecasting information to the Fiscal Service Cash Reporting Branch, use the following:
To become a CASH TRACK web user, use the following:
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
CASH TRACK Central Business Administration Function (CBAF)
For any questions or to request forms described in this chapter, contact:
Cash Reporting Branch
Central Accounting and Reporting Division
Bureau of the Fiscal Service
PO Box 1328
Parkersburg, WV 26106-1326
|1||-||Examples of Large Deposits and Disbursements for Which Agencies Must Report LDNs to the Fiscal Service Cash Reporting Branch|
|2||FS Form 187||Agency Report for Treasury Cash Reporting Advance Notice of Large Deposits or Payments of $50 Million or More|
Appendices are available in the PDF version only.