This chapter prescribes accounts relating to the government's financial operations. The Department of the Treasury (Treasury), Bureau of the Fiscal Service (Fiscal Service), and the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) assign the accounts to entities.
This chapter describes accounts that are to be used by Federal Program Agencies (FPA) for financial operations.
Title 31 United States Code 3513 prescribes authority to the Secretary of the Treasury to organize the accounting functions and procedures and financial reports to develop an effective and coordinated system of accounting and financial reporting that integrates and consolidates the accounting results of the federal government.
For terms and definitions related to this chapter, please view the TFM Glossary.
Entities should submit all account action requests to the appropriate Fiscal Service contact as early in the current month as possible to allow for timely entity reporting the following month. Fiscal Service assigns account symbols and titles, fund groups, and fund account definitions per the principles and guidelines in the Title 7 of the General Accounting Office's (GAO) Policy and Procedures Manual for Guidance of Federal Agencies. Due to the multi-level approval process on new accounts, Fiscal Service will not process new accounts from business day three to business day eight of each month.
For new account actions pursuant to authorizing legislation, entities must submit a completed Treasury Account Request form (FS Form 000109) to Fiscal Service, Budget Reporting Branch, Budget and Appropriations Analysis Section (BAAS) at email@example.com. Steps for entities to establish these new accounts include:
For new account actions pursuant to the Economy Act, entities must submit a completed Inter-Agency Agreement form (FS Form 000111) to Fiscal Service, Budget Reporting Branch, Budget and Appropriations Analysis Section (BAAS) at firstname.lastname@example.org. Steps for entities to establish these new accounts include:
1525.10—New Custodial Accounts
For new account actions related to custodial clearing accounts, related to custodial collections for a Treasury Account Symbol (TAS) other than the General Fund of the U.S. Government, entities must submit a completed Treasury Account Action Request (FS Form 000109) signed by the appropriate personnel to the BAAS at email@example.com. Steps in establishing the new custodial clearing account include:
1. After information provided has been researched and deemed acceptable by the Intra-governmental Transaction and Reconciliation Branch (ITRB), a "New Custodial TAS" form will be returned to the requesting entity for review and signature.
2. When the requesting entity has signed and returned the "New Custodial TAS" form, it will be submitted to the Director of Financial Reports and Advisory Division for approval.
3. If approved, a copy of the signed form will be sent to all parties as well as to OMB.
4. Finally, the form will be submitted to the Budget Reporting Branch for TAS creation.
1525.15—Federal Account Symbols and Titles (FAST Book)
Fiscal Service, in collaboration with OMB and the relevant administrative entity assigns, amends, and discontinues account symbols and titles. Treasury Account Symbols (TAS) represent individual appropriation, receipt, and other fund accounts for entities and bureaus. These accounts are collected and published in the FAST Book, which is updated periodically. It is a supplement to Volume I of the Treasury Financial Manual (TFM).
Section 1530—Receipt, Appropriation (Expenditure), and Fund Account Descriptions
Treasury Account Symbols are the cornerstones for reporting the government’s financial transactions. Fiscal Service classifies receipt or expenditure accounts and assigns them to a fund group based on their characteristics, as well as the nature of the transactions they support. Fund groups for receipt and expenditure accounts are detailed in subsections 1530.10 and 1535.10, respectively. Fiscal Service and OMB classify transactions within fund groups by categorically assigning numeric or alphanumeric account/symbols (or combinations thereof). Fiscal Service assigns account symbols to Entities after considering the government’s relationship to the accounts, the source of the receipts, and the availability of the funds for expenditure. Within the Central Accounting Reporting System (CARS), Fiscal Service classifies receipt and expenditure accounts as described in the subsections below.
Fiscal Service credits general fund receipt accounts which are not classified as dedicated collections as defined by law for a specific purpose.
Fiscal Service credits special fund receipt accounts with receipts from specific sources collected by law for specific purposes. At the point of collection, these receipts either are available immediately or unavailable for expenditures depending upon statutory requirements (see subsections 1530.20 and 1530.30).
Fiscal Service credits trust fund receipt accounts with receipts generated by the terms of a trust agreement or statute that designates a fund as a trust fund. At the point of collection, these receipts either are available immediately or unavailable for expenditure, depending upon statutory requirements, the terms of the trust agreement, and other provisions of law (see subsections 1535.20 and 1535.30).
Fiscal Service establishes clearing, default, and custodial accounts. An "F" preceding the last four digits of a fund's TAS identifies these accounts. The clearing and default accounts temporarily hold unidentifiable general, special, or trust fund collections that belong to the federal government until they are classified to the proper receipt or expenditure account by the receiving entity. Refer to TFM Bulletin "Reporting Suspense Account Activity Using F3875 and F3885 and using Default Accounts F3500 and F3502 as a Central Accounting Reporting System (CARS) Reporter" for additional information. Custodial Accounts, a special type of clearing account introduced in FY 2019, are a subset of clearing accounts used for custodial collections on behalf of a TAS other than the General Fund of the U.S. Government. Clearing and default accounts consist of the "3600-3800" series fund group preceded by the three-digit entity identifier. Entities should use the following accounts:
Although all three of the above described accounts are under the category of clearing and default accounts, it should be noted that unlike the other accounts, custodial clearing accounts are not expected to close in the same way nor are they subject to the same scoring processes as the other accounts. For example, while the custodial clearing accounts will be required to have a zero balance in USSGL 101000 Fund Balance with Treasury, they could have balances in accrual-related USSGL accounts that carry over from month-to-month or year-to-year. As such, they will not be graded in the same way as clearing and default accounts. As outlined in Section 1525.10, these accounts will not be created until the entity and Fiscal Service, in collaboration with OMB, have been made aware of and agree in writing, on the type of custodial activity that will be reported in the account.
Fiscal Service establishes general fund expenditure accounts to record amounts appropriated by Congress for the general support of the government.
Fiscal Service establishes consolidated working fund accounts to receive (and subsequently disburse) advance payments from other entities or bureaus through provisions of law.
Fiscal Service establishes management fund accounts, which are working fund accounts authorized by law, to facilitate accounting for the administration of intra-governmental activities other than a continuing cycle of operations.
Fiscal Service establishes revolving fund accounts to record funds authorized by specific provisions of law to finance a continuing cycle of business-type operation. The receipts are credited directly to the revolving fund as offsetting collections and are available for expenditure without further action by Congress. Fiscal Service classifies the receipts as:
This is a type of TAS which Fiscal Service establishes to record amounts appropriated from special fund receipts. Entities may expend these receipts for special programs according to specific provisions of law.
This is a type of TAS which Fiscal Service establishes to record amounts appropriated from trust fund receipts. Entities may expend these receipts for specific purposes or programs according to the terms of a trust agreement or statute.
This is a type of TAS which Fiscal Service establishes when a statute authorizes such funds. The period of availability may determine whether they are revolving or non-revolving (see subsection 1525.45).
This is a type of TAS that is used to received and subsequently obligate and disburse allocations treated as non-expenditure transfers. These accounts carry symbols identified with the original appropriation from which monies were advanced. An allocation account is symbolized by adding the receiving entity's three-digit entity identifier in front of the original appropriation or fund account symbol. A bureau sub-account may be used to identify that the transfer is to a particular office or bureau within the receiving department. For example, 14 20X1234.010 represents a transfer of funds that was initially appropriated to entity 20 (Treasury) and allocated to Bureau 10 (National Park Service) within entity 14 (Interior).
Normally, receipt account symbols consist of seven digits, except for receipt clearing accounts and available receipt accounts. The first three digits identify the entity administratively responsible for the receipts. The last four digits identify the account within the fund group. Receipt accounts fall within the following categories: governmental or budget, proprietary, and intra-governmental. Governmental or budget receipts arise from the sovereign and regulatory powers unique to government. Proprietary receipts are derived from market-oriented or business-like activities. Intra-governmental receipts are payments from one government account to another. For further detail on the types of receipts, refer to OMB Circular No. A-11, Section 20.7. The following is an example of the numbering scheme generally associated with available receipts:
|Three-digit Entity identifier (AID)||020–(Treasury)|
|Sub-numbers|| 001 (Gifts and Bequests)
002 (Earnings on Investment)
Fiscal Service classifies receipt accounts and assigns symbols by fund groups and major classes as follows:
|General fund Receipt Accounts:
| Gains resulting from government participation
|Receipts from monetary power||0600|
|Fees from regulatory and judicial services||0800|
|Fines, penalties, and forfeitures||1000|
| Restitutions, reparations, and recoveries under military
|Gifts and contributions||1200|
|Dividends and other earnings||1600|
|Rent, including bonuses||1800|
|Sale of products||2200|
| Fees and other charges for services and special
|Sale of government property||2600|
|Negative subsidies and downward re-estimate of subsidies||2670-2799|
|Realization upon loans and investments||2800–2900|
|Recoveries and refunds||3000|
|Custodial clearing accounts||3600|
|Clearing and default accounts||3800|
|Special fund receipt accounts||5000–5999|
|Trust fund receipt accounts||8000–8999|
Available receipts are special or non-revolving trust fund receipts that, pursuant to law, are available as appropriations to a single entity for expenditure without further congressional action. An available receipt account carries the same attributes as its corresponding expenditure account.
Unavailable receipts are receipts that, at the time of collection, are not appropriated and not immediately available for expenditure. This is because Congress has limited the amount available for expenditure.
Unappropriated receipts held in special and non-revolving trust fund receipt accounts are unavailable for expenditure until appropriated pursuant to specific legislative provisions.
Expenditure account symbols consist of eight or more digits. Using the string TAS format, the first three digits identify the entity responsible for the account. The next digits or characters represent the period of availability for obligation. The last four digits identify the specific account by fund group. The following example illustrates the various parts of a Treasury Account Symbol for Buildings and Facilities for the Department of Agriculture:
|Three-digit Entity identifier (AID)||012–(Dept. of Agriculture)|
|Period of availability|| 20 (Fiscal 2020 annual year account)
20/21 (Fiscal 2020/2021 multiple year account)
X (No-year appropriation)
Fiscal Service classifies expenditure accounts and assigns symbols by fund groups as follows:
|Fund Group||Major Class|
|Management and consolidated working funds||3900–3999|
|Trust non-revolving fund||8000–8399 and 8500–8999|
|Trust revolving fund||8400–8499|
The account symbol designates the period of availability for incurring obligations as follows:
Section 1545—Deposit Fund Accounts
Deposit Fund Accounts are established by Fiscal Service to record deposits and disbursement of monies that do not belong to the federal government. Deposit funds are a liability in the government’s central summary general ledger since those assets do not belong to the government. They are not intended to be used as an operating account or budget account as defined in OMB Circular A-11 Sec 20.11(f). Amounts that are donated to the federal government are deposited in a special or trust fund account (OMB Circular A-11 Sec 20).
The deposit fund account (liability) classification is proper for any account that meets one of the following three criteria:
Ordinarily, a negative balance in a deposit fund would not result in an Anti-Deficiency Act violation. However, if a federal disbursing officer over-disburses a deposit fund, the disbursing officer must consult with that entity's legal counsel to determine if an Anti-Deficiency Act violation should be reported. Deposit funds are not covered in the Treasury and do not become public money. Therefore, they can be expended without an appropriation. A negative balance in any account is an adverse position which should be assessed by the entity with their legal counsel.
To maintain accountability, entities must establish separate deposit fund accounts to hold non-government monies for individual statutory authorizations or programs. Deposit funds, which are for monies not owned by the federal government, are not included in the federal budget. If an entity is uncertain about the ownership of monies, it should ask its Treasury and OMB contacts for guidance.
Each entity should review its deposit fund accounts periodically, but at least quarterly, and should take whatever corrective action may be necessary to address problems identified. At a minimum, these reviews should determine whether all monies held in a deposit fund account are consistent with the title of, as well as the legal authority for, the account, and that the account has a positive balance. If a federal disbursing officer over-disburses a deposit fund, an Anti-Deficiency Act violation has occurred and must be reported to OMB promptly. See Volume I, Part 6, Chapter 3000 for procedures on reviewing unclaimed money accounts, such as escrow accounts for loans.
The following deposit funds are available to all entities:
Direct inquiries concerning this chapter to:
Budget Reporting Branch
Bureau of the Fiscal Service
PO Box 1328
Parkersburg, WV 26106-1328
Treasury Account Action Request Form
Inter-Agency Agreement TAS Request Form
Summary of Updates
|Section Number||Section Title||Summary of Change|
|1525||New Accounts||Updated process for requesting new accounts from Legislation and the Economy Act, using forms 000109 and 000111.|
|1540.20||Identifying the Period of Availability||Updated fiscal years listed from 2018 to 2020 and from 2019 to 2020.|