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Bulletin No. 2020-05

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Retention: October 31, 2020

To: Heads of Government Departments, Agencies, and Others Concerned

Subject: Reporting Suspense Account Activity Using F3875 and F3885 and Using Default Accounts F3500 and F3502 as a Central Accounting Reporting System (CARS) Reporter

1. Purpose

This Treasury Financial Manual (TFM) bulletin outlines the options and guidance now available for Federal Program Agencies (FPAs) to report transactions that they are unable to classify to the proper Treasury Account Symbols (TAS) at the point of origin. Amounts in clearing/suspense accounts should not be used to make outlays or payments.

In addition, this TFM bulletin provides reporting guidance for the Shared Accounting Module (SAM) default clearing accounts F3500 for proprietary payments and collections and F3502 for Intra-Governmental Payment and Collection (IPAC).

2. Authority

According to 31 U.S.C. 3513, the Secretary of the Treasury must prepare reports on the financial operation of the U.S. Government. In addition, the head of each executive agency must furnish accurate reports and information on the financial condition and operations of the agency, if requested by the Secretary of the Treasury.

3. Rescission

This bulletin rescinds the previous bulletin, 2017-10. 

4. Background

The Bureau of Fiscal Service’s (Fiscal Service) CARS group strives to provide FPAs with a reliable and efficient system to report financial information, maintain data integrity, and streamline central accounting, reporting, and reconciliation processes. This objective requires that:

  • Fiscal Service capture program-level spending or collections on a real-time or near real-time basis, and
  • FPAs convert to CARS reporters by classifying collection and disbursement transaction activity to the proper TAS at the time the transaction is executed (at the point of origin or when the collection is made).

To help accomplish these objectivesFiscal Service is using SAM; an application that facilitates the process of validating or deriving TAS and Business Event Type Codes (BETC) combinations to assist in classifying financial transactions as they occur.

Since 2011, Fiscal Service has mandated FPAs to become CARS reporters and has worked with numerous FPAs that have converted to this reporting method. However, in some instances, converting to the new reporting method required FPAs to change business practices, and changing those business practices has required more time than originally anticipated. Fiscal Service continues to move FPAs to the new and more efficient accounting and reporting system.

Fiscal Service has issued TFM releases that addressed new policy changes regarding the use of suspense accounts. While Fiscal Service’s objective and intent remain the same and with the unequivocal need to accelerate the implementation and functionality of CARS, Fiscal Service has reexamined using suspense accounts F3875 and F3885. Additionally, Fiscal Service staff members have held agency forums addressing the use of default accounts F3500 and F3502 for CARS reporters.

5. Accounting and Reporting Requirements

A. Continuing Use of Suspense Accounts F3875 and F3885 for Reporting Suspense Account Activity

In previous guidance, Fiscal Service discontinued the use of suspense accounts F3875 and F3885 unless an FPA obtained an approved waiver. However, because of new Fiscal Service business practices, and the need for FPAs to become CARS reporters, that previous guidance has been reversed.  Thus, in certain circumstances, FPAs can once again use these suspense accounts, upon approval to do so by Fiscal Service, and utilizing existing guidelines for CARS transaction reporting.

Consistent with OMB A-11 guidance, FPAs can use clearing accounts to temporarily account for transactions that belong to the government until the transaction is matched to a specific receipt or expenditure account. FPAs should not use clearing/suspense accounts for outlays or payments; or to mask an over obligation or over expenditure of an expenditure account. 

B. Suspense Account Request

FPAs with more than one TAS and a justifiable business need for suspense accounts may submit a request to Fiscal Service for the use and/or reopening of suspense account F3875 and/or F3885. In these instances, a justifiable business need can be the inability of FPAs to classify all transactions at the point of origin. If one transaction suspends during processing because the correct account is unidentifiable, then an FPA has a justifiable business need to request the use of suspense account F3875 and/or F3885. FPAs that want to obtain an “F” account per the new guidance outlined in this bulletin, must submit a request to Fiscal Service indicating the number of accounts required, based on the FPA's current needs.

The request must:

  • Be submitted by the Chief Financial Officer (CFO), or CFO designee, at the department level for the bureau(s) that has a justifiable business need,
  • Include a statement that the CFO agrees to annually certify (electronically) that the balance(s) in suspense account F3875 and/or F3885 for the preceding year-end does not include any items or transactions more than 60 business days old. If there are transactions more than 60 business days old, the FPA must clearly explain the reason in the annual electronic certification,
  • Provide an email address and contact information for the person who will be submitting the electronic certification referenced above, and
  • Be emailed to budget.reports@fiscal.treasury.gov.

Note: If an FPA has only one TAS, a request to use suspense account F3875 and/or F3885 is not permitted.

Fiscal Service will process each FPA's request, including the agreement to reclassify transactions/amounts temporarily placed in suspense accounts to the proper TAS, within 60 business days of the transaction. Fiscal Service will acknowledge receipt of the FPA requests by email. FPAs can expect to receive the email within 30 business days. Fiscal Service may reconsider requests at any time. Fiscal Service will accept only TAS that are valid and appropriate for use in IPAC. FPAs may review a list of the valid TAS/BETCs for IPAC on the CARS website.

CFOs (or the CFO designees) must certify the balances in suspense accounts F3875 and F3885 to Fiscal Service annually, at year-end. Fiscal Service’s Year-end Closing Bulletin, normally issued each year in July, provides information on submitting the certifications for the suspense accounts. See the Year-end Closing Bulletin on the TFM Volume I Bulletin Page.

Note: Fiscal Service may incorporate performance measures at a later date for the timely submission of CFO certifications.

C. SAM Default Accounts F3500 and F3502

Fiscal Service has established SAM default accounts F3500 and F3502 for each major agency department for payments and collections, and IPAC transactions. The accounts were specifically established to:

  • Facilitate systematic cash flows, and
  • Temporarily classify or hold unidentified general, revolving, special, or trust fund transactions that have system defaulted as a result of an incomplete or invalid TAS or missing classification keys submitted by CARS reporters through payment or collection feeder systems into CARS.

CARS will automatically post the invalid or missing TAS to a SAM default account. FPAs must clear the SAM default accounts by the third business day following the close of the accounting month. They also must correctly reclassify all system defaulted transactions to a valid receipt or expenditure TAS by the third business day following the close of the accounting month. If the FPA does not clear the SAM default account timely, it will receive contact from Fiscal Service’s Cash Accounting Branch regarding the incomplete reporting for immediate resolution.

For payment and collection systems, the SAM default TAS is XXXF3500.  In this instance, the standardized component TAS structure consists of a three-digit agency identifier (XXX), availability type code (F), and main account code (3500) — XXXF3500. The applicable BETCs for defaulted payment system transactions are DISBBCA [for debit transactions that decrease the TAS fund balance with Treasury (FBWT)] and DISBBCAJ (for credit transactions that increase the TAS FBWT). The applicable BETCs for default collection system transactions are COLLBCA (for credit transactions that increase the TAS FBWT) and COLLBCAJ (for debit transactions that decrease the TAS FBWT).

For IPAC transactions, the SAM default TAS is XXXF3502. In this instance, the standardized component TAS structure consists of a three-digit agency identifier (XXX), availability type code (F), and main account code (3502) — XXXF3502. CARS reporters must use this TAS with the appropriate BETC to report reclassification transactions to Treasury. There are four applicable BETCs for IPAC. Reporters that only have typical collection and disbursement activity most likely will select DISBBCA as the default debit BETC and COLLBCA as the default credit BETC with TAS XXXF3502.

If an FPA cannot classify the entire balance that has defaulted to the SAM account correctly, the FPA may reclassify the balance to the corresponding suspense account F3875 and/or F3885. It must clear these “F” account entries within 60 business days of the transaction, per current policy.

Note: These SAM default accounts are to be used only on Statement of Transactions when CARS reporters are clearing/reclassifying SAM defaulted transactions in the Classification Transaction and Accountability Module of CARS.

D. Performance Measures

On a quarterly basis, Fiscal Service issues scorecard ratings and notifications to agency CFOs on the FPA's suspense and default accounts.

Fiscal Service, based on performance, measures efforts by agencies to clear associated SAM default accounts F3500 and F3502 by the third business day of the month. Any amount in the default account after the third day of month end will result in a red score.

Fiscal Service associates performance standards with an FPA's use of suspense accounts F3875 and F3885 based on percentages. Fiscal Service will base the performance scorecard rating on a percentage of the total offsetting collection or payment transaction volume as reported in the CARS for the same qualifying quarter. Fiscal Service will use the following performance measures in the notification:

  • 5 percent or less—Green,
  • 6 to 9 percent—Yellow, and
  • 10 percent or more—Red.

Note: Fiscal Service rounds the percentage to the nearest whole number.

For example:

An FPA reports $1,000 each month for one quarter, for a quarterly total of $3,000. If the amount of new transactions classified to suspense account F3875 for that quarter is:

  • $145, then Fiscal Service will issue a green scorecard rating,
  • $265, then Fiscal Service will issue a yellow scorecard rating, and
  • $305, then Fiscal Service will issue a red scorecard rating.

The implementation of performance measures for “F” account balances became effective January 1, 2012, measuring first-quarter fiscal 2012 reporting.

6. Reference

  • SAM website 

7. Effective Date

This bulletin is effective immediately.

8. Inquiries

Direct questions concerning this bulletin to the contacts below (email is preferred over a mailed request):

Department of the Treasury
Bureau of the Fiscal Service
Budget Reporting Branch
PO Box 1328
Parkersburg, WV 26101
Email: budget.reports@fiscal.treasury.gov

Department of the Treasury
Bureau of the Fiscal Service
Cash Accounting Branch
PO Box 1328
Parkersburg, WV 26101
Email: cab.card-fao@fiscal.treasury.gov

Date: October 31, 2019